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About Measles Rubella Vaccinations

Final update date March 31, 2021

About Measles Rubella Vaccinations

Routine immunization of measles-like shin requires two inoculations!

Measles and rubella

(A) Measles
It is caused by airborne, droplet and contact infections of the measles virus.
After infection with the virus, the asymptomatic period (incubation period) lasts about 10 to 12 days. After that, fever, cough, nasal discharge, and syrup,
I have symptoms such as rash. Three to four days after the symptoms begin to appear, the fever, cough, nasal discharge, and rash of around 38 ° C continue.
If you think that the fever has dropped for a while, it will have a high fever of 39-40 ° C again, and the rash that began to appear from the neck streak and face, etc.
After that, it spreads throughout the body. The high fever resolves in 3 to 4 days, and the rash gradually disappears, but pigmentation remains for a while.
The main complications are bronchitis, pneumonia, otitis media, encephalitis, etc., which occur in 100 measles patients and otitis media.
About 7 to 9 people and about 6 people with pneumonia. Encephalitis occurs in about 1 to 2 in 1,000 people.
In addition, measles develops severe encephalitis called subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) after several to ten years.
It can occur in a ratio of 1 to 2 in 100,000 measles patients.
About one in thousands of people with measles may die.

(A) Rubula
Rubella is caused by droplet infection of the rubella virus. Asymptomatic period (incubation period) after infection with the virus
It lasts about 2 to 3 weeks. After that, the main symptoms are rash, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes behind the neck.
In addition, symptoms such as cough, nasal discharge, and red eyes (challenging of the conjunctival) may be seen.
Complications include joint pain, thrombocytopenic purpura, and encephalitis.
Thrombocytopenic purpura merges with about 1 in 3,000 rubella patients and encephalitis with about 1 in 6,000 rubella patients.
When it comes to adulthood, it tends to be more severe than in children.
When a pregnant woman becomes infected with rubella, it infects the baby on the stomach, making it hard to hear and hard to see.
It can lead to "congenital rubella syndrome" such as abnormal heart.

Vaccinations:

On April 1, 2006, the Immunization Law Enforcement Ordinance was revised, and it was twice vaccinated with measles-like shin (MR) vaccine.

[Standard Schedule]

(A) 1st vaccination
We inoculate measles-like shin mixed (MR) vaccine once between 12 months and less than 24 months after birth.
If you wish to receive a measles and rubella single vaccine, leave a single vaccine at least 27 days apart.
We inoculate once each.

(A) 2nd vaccination
From 5 years old to under 7 years old, from April 1 one year before entering elementary school to March 31 of the year of enrollment (so-called kindergarten / nursery school)
We inoculate measles-like shin (MR) vaccine once for older child.
If you wish to receive a measles and rubella single vaccine, leave a single vaccine at least 27 days apart.
We inoculate once each.
※If you want to inoculate measles and rubella Vaccinations exchange of pre-examination vote at ward office window is necessary when we want to inoculate alone.

[Free age]
(A) 1st vaccination
1 to 2 years old (until the day before 2 years old)

(A) 2nd vaccination
From 5 years old to under 7 years old, from April 1 one year before entering elementary school to March 31 of the year of enrollment
(The older children of so-called kindergartens and nursery schools)

side reaction of vaccine

(A) Measles rubella mixed (MR) vaccine
The main side effects are fever and rash. These symptoms are common between 5 and 14 days after inoculation.
Immediately after vaccination, fever, rash, itching (itching), etc., which are considered to be hypersensitivity symptoms, may be seen the next day.
These symptoms usually subside in one to three days.
Occasionally, redness, swelling, induration (lumps), and swelling of the lymph nodes at the site of inoculation may be seen.
It is transient and usually disappears within a few days.
Rare side effects that rarely occur include shock, anaphylaxis, acute thrombocytopenic purpura, encephalitis and convulsions.
And so on.

(A) measles-only vaccine
The main side reactions are fever (about 5% of those who have been vaccinated) between 37.5 ° C and 38.5 ° C, mainly 5 to 14 days after vaccination.
Fever of 38.5 ° C or higher (about 8% of the inoculated person) and measles-like rash (about 6% of the inoculated person)
You can see it.
However, the period of fever is usually 1-2 days, and the rash is from a small number of erythema and hill shin to a natural measles.
It varies.
In addition, redness, swelling, febrile convulsions (about 1 in 300 people), hives, etc. at the site of inoculation are recognized.
Yes, but most of them are transient.
Rare side effects that rarely occur include shock, anaphylaxis, and encephalitis encephalopathy (one person per 1 to 1.5 million inoculations).
Below) and acute thrombocytopenic purpura (about 1 per 1 million inoculations) are known.

(C) rubella alone vaccine
The main side reactions are rash, hives, erythema, itching (itching), fever, swelling of lymph nodes, joint pain, etc.
I'm here.
Rare side effects that rarely occur include shock and anaphylaxis, and acute thrombocytopenic purpura.
(About 1 per 1 million inoculations) has been reported.

Inquiries to this page

Yokohama Vaccinations Call Center

Telephone: 045-330-8561

Telephone: 045-330-8561

Fax: 045-664-7296

Email address: [email protected]

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