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About measles rubella Vaccinations

Last update date March 19, 2019

About measles rubella Vaccinations

Two times of inoculations are necessary for routine immunization of measles rubella!

With measles, rubella

(a) Measles (measles) (Measles)
We are angry by air infection, droplet infection and contact infection of measles virus.
After being infected with virus, asymptomatic time (latency period) lasts about 10-12 days. Afterwards, run a fever, cough, nasal mucus, meyani,
Symptoms such as rashes come out. It has a series of heat about 38 degrees Celsius and cough and nasal mucus, meyaniga for 3-4 days after symptom begins to appear,
Rash which it became high heat of 39-40 degrees Celsius again when we thought whether heat was about to fall at one time, and began to appear from neck line or face,
Afterwards, it spreads to whole body. High heat defervesces in 3-4 days, and rash gradually disappears, too, but pigmentation remains for a while.
Ratio that main complications include bronchitis, pneumonia, otitis media, encephalitis and occur of 100 patients with measles otitis media
About 7-9 people, pneumonia are about six people. Encephalitis occurs at the rate of about 1-2 of 1,000.
In addition, it is developed severe encephalitis called subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) when we suffer from measles after having passed for 10 several years from several years
We may do and are angry in the ratio of about 1-2 of 100,000 patients with measles.
Among people having measles, he may die in the ratio of one of several thousand degree.

(i) Rubella (Rubella)
Rubella is caused by droplet infection of rubella virus. Time (latency period) when is asymptomatic after the infection to virus
It lasts about 2-3 weeks. Afterwards, rash, fever, lymph node behind neck appear as symptom that swelling up is important.
In addition, symptoms such as (hyperemia of bulbar conjunctiva) that a cough, nasal mucus, eyes turn red elsewhere may be seen.
As complications, arthralgia, thrombocytopenic purpura, encephalitis are reported.
As for the thrombocytopenic purpura, about 1 of 3,000 patients with rubella, encephalitis are complicated in ratio like about 1 of 6,000 patients with rubella.
Tendency to be aggravated from time of child when it takes after becoming adult is seen.
It is hard to see eyes that we are infected with baby of stomach when pregnant woman is infected with rubella and are hard to hear ear,
We may suffer from "congenital rubella syndrome" that there is abnormality in heart.

Method of Vaccinations

Vaccination enforcement order was revised on April 1, 2006 and became twice inoculation with measles rubella mixture (MR) vaccine.

[standard schedule]

(a) The first inoculation
While it is within from 12 months to 24 months after birth, we inoculate one time of measles rubella mixture (MR) vaccine.
In addition, can open with independent vaccine at 27 days or more intervals when you wish to inoculate measles and rubella alone vaccine
We inoculate for each one time.

(i) The second inoculation
With under 5 years old - 7 years old during until March 31 of April 1 ... age to enroll one year before elementary school entrance to school (so-called kindergarten, nursery school
We inoculate one time of measles rubella mixture (MR) vaccine into older child).
In addition, can open with independent vaccine at 27 days or more intervals when you wish to inoculate measles and rubella alone vaccine
We inoculate for each one time.
※When want to inoculate Vaccinations of measles, rubella alone, at ward office window pre-; examine, and exchange of vote is necessary.

[age that we can get free]
(a) The first inoculation
Under 1 year or older 2 years old (until the day before sun becoming 2 years old)

(i) The second inoculation
With under 5 years old - 7 years old during until March 31 of April 1 ... age to enroll one year before elementary school entrance to school
(older child of so-called kindergarten, nursery school)

Vice-reaction of vaccine

(a) Measles rubella mixture (MR) vaccine
Main vice-reaction is fever and rash. These symptoms are frequent after the inoculation during 5-14 days.
Fever, rash, itch (itch) thought to be symptom sensitive to the next day may be seen soon after the inoculation,
These symptoms are usually relieved in 1-3 days.
By the way, red of inoculation part swells up, and induration (stiffness), swelling of lymph node may be seen, but all
We usually disappear in transientness within a few days.
As heavy vice-reaction to rarely produce shock, anaphylaxis, acute thrombocytopenic purpura, encephalitis and convulsions
It is reported nadoga.

(i) Measles alone vaccine
Fever (among people whom we inoculated around 5%) that main vice-reaction is less than 38.5 degrees Celsius 37.5 degrees Celsius or more after the inoculation mainly on 5-14 days,
Fever (among people whom we inoculated around 8%) 38.5 degrees Celsius or more, measles-like rash (among people whom we inoculated around 6%)
We are seen.
But cases that period of fever is usually 1-2 days, and a few erythema and hill shinkara, nature measles are near as for the rash
Vary.
In addition, red, swelling, febrile convulsions (about 1 of 300), hives of part that we inoculated being detected
There is, but the most are all transient.
For heavy vice-reaction to rarely produce, encephalopathic shock, anaphylaxis, encephalitis (one per 1 million-1.5 million inoculations
), acute thrombocytopenic purpura (around one people per 1 million inoculations) are known as follows.

(u) Rubella alone vaccine
As for the main vice-reaction, rash, hives, erythema, itch (itch), fever, swelling, arthralgia of lymph node be accepted
We are.
As heavy vice-reaction to rarely produce, there are shock, anaphylaxis, also, acute thrombocytopenic purpura
(around one people per 1 million inoculations) is reported.

Inquiry to this page

Health and Social Welfare Bureau health security department health security section

Telephone: 045-671-4190

Telephone: 045-671-4190

Fax: 045-664-7296

E-Mail address [email protected]

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