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About Streptococcus pneumoniae Vaccinations for children

Last update date March 15, 2019

With pneumococcal disease

Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the two major factors of infection of child with bacteria.
Most of children carry these bacteria in the depths of nose, and sometimes bacterial meningitis, bacteremia, pneumonia,
Sinusitis, disease such as otitis media are caused.
Prevalence of purulent inflammation of the meninges due to Streptococcus pneumoniae is considered to be under 5 years old a population of 100,000 vs. 2.6-2.9,
It was estimated that it developed in about 150 a year (*).
The death rate and aftereffects example (hydrocephalus, hearing loss, mind development delay) are more expensive than meningitis by hibu,
It is said that about 21% have a poor prognosis.
*It depends on information about council for public welfare science infectious disease subcommittee Vaccinations section.

Method of Vaccinations

We perform pneumococcal Vaccinations for children by the next method every age of the month that started initial vaccinations.
We assume 1 following method standard inoculation method.

1 [standard schedule]
When we start inoculation to under from two months to seven months after birth
We inoculate three times at 27 days or more intervals and do booster shot after the third inoculation once 12 months after birth later at intervals 60 days or more.
(booster shot assumes 12-15 months after birth standard.)
※We give inoculation of the first second and the third by under 24 months after birth.
(we perform only one time of booster shot without performing when it is over 24 months after birth.)
In addition, we perform only one time of booster shot without inoculating the third when inoculation of the first second is over 12 months after birth.

2 [when off standard schedule]

(a) When we start inoculation to under from 7 months to 12 months after birth
We inoculate twice at 27 days or more intervals and do booster shot after the second inoculation once 12 months after birth later at intervals 60 days or more.
※We give inoculation of the first second by under 24 months after birth.
(we perform only one time of booster shot without performing when it is over 24 months after birth.)

(i) When we start inoculation to under from 12 months to 24 months after birth
We inoculate twice at 60 days or more intervals. (pre-we examine, and vote uses the first first and the first second)

(u) When we start inoculation to under - 5 years old for 24 months after birth
We inoculate once. (pre-we examine, and vote uses the first first)
※7 values vaccine (sedimentation 7 values Streptococcus pneumoniae conventional than November 1, 2013 pneumococcal vaccine for children
13 values vaccine which ingredient corresponding to six kinds of Streptococcus pneumoniae was added to newly by combination type vaccine)
We were changed to (sedimentation 13 values Streptococcus pneumoniae-binding vaccine).
Vaccine which we can use as periodical inoculation is only 13 values vaccine now.
When you have already started inoculation with 7 values vaccine, please inoculate the remaining number of times with 13 values vaccine.
In addition, about the number of times that inoculation was finished that was already set with 7 values vaccine, it passed more than eight weeks
It is said that by inoculating one time of 13 values vaccine later, antibody for six kinds of addition rises.
We are inoculated voluntarily, but, for the certain prevention, it is thought that inoculation is desirable.

Age that we can get for 3 for free
Less than 5 years old more than two months after birth (until the day before of 5-year-old birthday)

Vice-reaction of vaccine

As vice-reaction red (redness), swelling (it is fine), induration (stiffness), pain, fever of inoculation part
We may be seen.

Inquiry to this page

Health and Social Welfare Bureau health security department health security section

Telephone: 045-671-4190

Telephone: 045-671-4190

Fax: 045-664-7296

E-Mail address [email protected]

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