About Ebola hemorrhagic fever
- Ebola is a highly fatal infection caused by the Ebola virus.
- When the body fluids (blood, secretions, vomit and excrement) of a patient with symptoms are touched without sufficient protection, the virus is transmitted by invading through wounds and mucous membranes.
It is also transmitted from wild animals in endemic areas. Generally, it does not infect patients without symptoms. There is no airborne infection.
- When infected with the Ebola virus, after an incubation period of 2 to 21 days (usually 7 to 10 days), symptoms such as sudden fever, headache, malaise, muscle pain, and sore throat appear.
Next, symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, chest pain, and bleeding (hematosis, melancholy) appear.
- At present, there is no vaccine or specific treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever, so treatment (symptomatic treatment) according to the patient's symptoms will be performed.
- Since March 2014, large-scale epidemics have occurred in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Mari and Nigeria in western Africa.
- If it is unavoidable to travel to the affected area, check the local epidemic status on the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare's Quarantine Station and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' website for overseas safety information, etc. It is important to ensure that you wash your hands, avoid contact with patients and animals, etc.).
Definition of Ebola hemorrhagic fever patients
If you fall under any of the following (1) and (2), you will be a patient with Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
(1) Symptoms of suspected Ebola hemorrhagic fever patients (next a or b)
A fever of 38 ° C or higher
Other clinical symptoms of suspected isebola bleeding fever (vomiting, diarrhea, disorientation, general malaise, etc.)
(2) Person who has contact history with Ebola hemorrhagic fever patients (next a or b)
A. Contact history with body fluids (blood, body fluid, vomit, excrement, etc.) of Ebola hemorrhagic fever patients (including suspected patients) within 21 days
(Regardless of infection prevention measures.)
Ebola outbreak area within 21 days ※There is a history of contact, such as direct contact with the bats and celebrities of origin by hand.
※ Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Uganda, Sudan, Gabon, Court Givoir, Congo People's Republic, Congo Republic
About notification from Motoichi to each medical institution including case definition of Ebola hemorrhagic fever simulated patient, it is as follows.
Response assuming domestic outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) (Request) (PDF: 429KB)
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