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With dementia

Last update date August 9, 2018

Let's know disease called dementia

Dementia is brain disease

Dementia is brain disease that anyone may suffer from. Dementia is various causes, and cell of brain dies and has various obstacles as work got worse and points to state (it continues more than about six months) that trouble appears in living a life. It is more likely to develop so as to become old.
Rate to develop from 65 years or older rises, and it is said that it develops in one of four people at 85 years or older.
In addition, there is juvenile dementia to develop in young people under 65. Juvenile dementia develops at 64 years or younger and says case 64 years or younger now. Work and housework are not made in the prime enough to develop and influence is big to not only the person but also the office or family and produces various problems.

Dementia has various types

Brain has role for each part each. Parts carrying part, memory to carry part, exercise taking sense that we see and hear on vary. Dementia has various types by place where brain caught disorder.

Type of dementia

Alzheimer's dementia
In brain protein called β (beta) amyloid called 20 years, 30 years work of cell of brain is lost little by little, and die by running, and collecting, and brain withers, and function decreases generally for a long term.
Progress is slow, but symptom varies because the whole brain withers. It is most dementia.

Multiinfarct dementia
Because of cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral artery hardening, nutrition and oxygen are not gone around to nerve cells and, as a result, nerve cells of the part die and are dementia that network of nerve is broken. There are type to develop suddenly, and to progress step-like and type to develop calmly, and to gradually progress. Symptom varies according to parts of injured brain.

Levy small figure dementia
It is dementia that materials called Levy corpuscle collect in brain, cell of brain is injured, and to develop. It actually features that visual hallucination and Parkinson symptom (muscle that hands and feet that movement becomes slow shake becomes stiff) that few thing looks like appear.

Maegashira side shape of a head dementia
Because the frontal lobe and temporal lobe of brain wither, beginning, the onset age tend to be young. It features that we take still self-centered action that is unsuitable for the unbearable place becoming irritable, and antisocial behavior increases (Pick's disease).

The others
Cause to cause dementia varies. Forthcoming avitaminosis and hypoglycemia that blood sugar level falls to too much may cause dementia from lack of vitamin, and there is dementia to come from alcohol dependence and drug dependency.
In addition, we receive diagnosis like chronic endocranium bloody bowel discharge tumor and original ordinary pressure hydrocephalus early, and there is dementia that may be cured by receiving appropriate treatment including operation. There is disease to come out of symptom that is easy to be mistaken for dementia like depression.
(note) all the people who caught disorder in brain may not suffer from dementia.

The source: Yokohama-shi dementia supporter training course text (editing/issuance authorization NPO corporation citizen sector Yokohama social welfare corporation Yokohama-shi Council of Social Welfare City of Yokohama, Health and Social Welfare Bureau advanced age at-home support section)

Can do it for the progression of dementia prevention

Everyday preparation includes the secret to keep healthy brain.

We reduce risk of the point 1 onset

Alzheimer's dementia and multiinfarct dementia with lifestyle-related diseases (high blood pressure, diabetes, dyslipidemia) is said that is related. When we kept abundant meal of vegetables, fruit, fishery products in mind and wore periodical exercise custom, it was revealed that life management from usual times was connected for the prevention of dementia.

We plan activation of point 2 brain

It is to perform successively happily with family and friend to be important.
Let's have role in hobby and work, home and area.
Let's value good terms.
(example) Go, mahjong, reading aloud, calculation

The source: Yokohama-shi dementia supporter training course text (editing/issuance authorization NPO corporation citizen sector Yokohama social welfare corporation Yokohama-shi Council of Social Welfare City of Yokohama, Health and Social Welfare Bureau advanced age at-home support section)

There is such a business in Yokohama-shi, too

GoGo health! It is ... for the best ... health promotion in Japan

Yokohama health-style (Yokohama walking point, Yokohama health stamp rally, Yokohama senior volunteer point) (the outside site)

Inquiry to this page

Health and Social Welfare Bureau advanced age Health and Welfare Department advanced age at-home support section

Telephone: 045-671-2405

Telephone: 045-671-2405

Fax: 045-550-3612

E-Mail address [email protected]

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