Aging rate of Yokohama-shi enters super-aged society in about 24%.
The number of the elderly people surpasses 960,000 people in 2025 (Heisei 37) when the baby boom generation becomes 75 years or older, and it is estimated that aging rate becomes approximately 26%.
In addition, from 2015 (Heisei 27) through 2025 (Heisei 37), as for the elderly aged 75 or over (people 75 years or older), as for about 580,000 people, the number of the certification for long-term care people, as for about 210,000 from about 150,000, the number of the dementia elderly people, it is anticipated from about 140,000 by about 400,000 people about 200,000 personality, that around 1.4 times increases all rapidly.
With increase of service user by rapid increase of the number of the certification for long-term care people, it is expected that Long-term Care Insurance Premium rises.
Is it not what it expects from nobody "to want to spend every day like oneself lively well forever" while aging advances as the whole society? We live a life that we became independent with health, and it is important that we postpone "healthy life expectancy" to spend time actively at any age.
Average life expectancy and healthy life expectancy of Yokohama-shi
Average life expectancy is "period before dying after being born", and "healthy life expectancy" is "period when we can live a life without everyday life being restricted by health problem" soon.
Differences between average life expectancy and healthy life expectancy of Yokohama-shi are woman 12.56 years for male 9.85 years in 2016 (Heisei 28).
Approach of care prevention activity is important that healthy life expectancy lives lively and to be indispensable element and postpone healthy life expectancy to walk the life positively.
Certification for long-term care reason (than 2016 Yokohama-shi elderly person fact-finding)
The first place of certification for long-term care reason is cerebro-vascular disease (cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage). Aftereffects such as the paralysis of hands and feet remain when we become sick, and care is often necessary. Management such as treatment, meals such as high blood pressure or diabetes is important.
The second place is dementia and bone fracture, fall. It is said that dementia can delay progress by early detection, early treatment. When we reel same story and question back and appeared, let's talk with family medicine. Such as bone fracture, fall shutting itself up for fear of bedridden cause and falling down; is detrimental.
In addition, about a one-third of certification for long-term care reason is locomotive syndrome (locomotive syndrome, locomotive syndrome). With locomotive syndrome, we have disorder of exercise device including age-related muscle weakness and bone, arthropathy, and locomotiveness "to stand, and to sit down, and to walk" says state to decrease, and it may be said that it is state that care is at increased risk for being necessary for. We prevent locomotive syndrome by how to spend days and can be improved.
"Continuation of exercise, exercises of legs", "participation in local activity" is effective "appropriate mouth care" "intake of meal which we were able to take of balance" to prevent locomotive syndrome.
Exercise <let's do (exercise) made with body that we are continued walking>
By continuing exercising, it is said that muscles increase at any age even if it becomes old.
●We put pedometer, and let's continue walking using 30 minutes a day as an indication.
●For improvement such as muscular strength or balance to walk, let's begin exercises such as locomotive syndrome prevention training "hamatore".
"hamatore" is training that Yokohama-shi pays its attention to "walk" of elderly person and developed to prevent locomotive syndrome. There is from 20 kinds of exercise to aim at improvement of stoop, posture, improvement of pelvic degree of leaning, extension of hip joint, improvement of work of ankle, improvement of balance from characteristic of posture and elderly person's way of walking.
"hamatore" (experience) organizes 11 kinds of exercise to be possible easily in hamatore in song of Yokohama-shi got close to to citizens in total. Let's work casually while humming song of city. It is available as warm-up of walking.
hamatore (leaflet) (PDF: 1,372KB)
hamatore (video) about 60 minutes
hamatore (experience) (leaflet) (PDF: 1,908KB)
hamatore (experience) (video) about eight minutes
Meal <let's do meal which does not reduce the osteoporosis prevention and muscle>
We come to like meal which we did with age plainly, and intake of protein is apt to decrease. Protein is nutrient creating muscle, the internal organs and blood. We suffer from hypoalimentation when short and lead to lean person and fatigue and become easy to cause various diseases.
●Let's take main dish (meat, fish, soybean product) and vice-greens (vegetables) three times a day.
●Let's take moisture enough (please talk about heart or kidney with disease with family doctor).
kenkuchi (mouth care) <let's maintain function of mouth>
Not only we chew and crush food, but also coming together of back tooth carries out role to balance with body.
●Let's put custom to chew well, and to eat.
●Let's continue exercises (muscular workout) of toothbrushing and mouth.
●Including care and adjustment of dentures let's have a medical examination regularly.
Social participation <meetings of local event and hobby will participate>
It is said that outbreak risk of certification for long-term care is low as for the person with much participation in sports circle and meeting of hobby.
●Care prevention advocacy group such as the making of spirit stations will participate.
●Let's participate in meeting of hobby and local volunteer positively.
Lecture, course about the care prevention
We perform lecture or course about the care prevention in ward office or community care plaza in Yokohama-shi.
In Yokohama-shi, we perform support of independent group "making of spirit station" working on care preventive activity continuously.
"The making of spirit station" is group activity to work on the care prevention, health promotion with friend at imminent place that we can walk. In the city, 300 groups or more are carrying out various activities now.
"Exercises" "Muscular workout" "walking" "healthy mahjong" "kogunisaizu"
The making of spirit station (PDF: 2,752KB)
Activity example of the making of spirit station
We make leaflet to aim at "extension of healthy life expectancy" in Yokohama-shi, and to be able to work on the care prevention to many people.
We distribute in each ward office Elderly and Disabled Support Division, Local Elderly Care Management Center (community care plaza).
"GoGo health! Care prevention - from ... cheerful house for life"
We made leaflet which we gathered up about "the care prevention" (health promotion) clearly. As you can check signature to influence your health, please try.
"GoGo health! Locomotive syndrome prevention masterpiece war"
When locomotive syndrome progresses, care is at increased risk for being necessary. We introduce about summary of "locomotive syndrome" and exercise or meal for the prevention at any age to live a life that we became independent as much as possible.
"GoGo health! For life (PDF: 3,531KB)
"GoGo health! Locomotive syndrome prevention masterpiece war (PDF: 5,794KB)
"GoGo health! Locomotive syndrome prevention masterpiece war" (commentary text)
Leaflet "GoGo is healthy! It is text for commentary of locomotive syndrome prevention masterpiece war. Please inflect to have you spread knowledge to everybody about the locomotive syndrome prevention.
"GoGo health! Locomotive syndrome prevention masterpiece war (commentary text P1 - 4) (PDF: 18,987KB)
"GoGo health! Locomotive syndrome prevention masterpiece war (commentary text P5 - 8) (PDF: 5,947KB)
Please refer to living ward office Elderly and Disabled Support Division or Local Elderly Care Management Center (community care plaza) for the use of care prevention business.
Each ward Elderly and Disabled Support Division
|Ward||Phone number||FAX number||Ward||Phone number||FAX number|
Report of survey "investigation about the care prevention that we carried out in 2016 into health and living"
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