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Firefighting history

Last update date March 12, 2019

Firefighting history of Yokohama-shi

Year

MON

Article

1859 (Ansei 6)

June

8 fire defense organizations were set up with the Yokohama opening of a port, and fireman's standard, gangster, the president of each group was decided. (as for private firefighting, conduct chief administrator) (101 those days, a population of 350 people)

August

Kanagawa Magistrate let police sergeant kindred spirit of the part of arson-and-robbery investigator station at the House of Motomachi, Yokohama increase virtue and let you engage in the guard (the dispute guard with foreigner) and fire defense in the city. (government official firefighting)

November

We established town guard-station in the city point for the purpose of fire caution.
1860 (Manen 1)

January

The Yokohama's first New Year parade of fire brigades conduct. *roku*bo (foreign settlement fire station) birth. yubikishaishikyorokukorejo.
1865 (Keio 2)

October

It is two-thirds destruction by fire of city area including pork shop fire, foreign settlement.
1868 (Keio 4)

January

Big fire of Kanagawa accommodation. We are destroyed by fire in 1,200 9 municipalities.
1868 (Meiji 1)

October

It becomes tadengenhidarieimonyokohama*bokumitosogentei and organizes fire defense organization (nine sets) in three pumps for arm, firefighting carrier 50, pulling down carrier ten.
1869 (Meiji 2) We told citizen about fire as alarm bell on bell tower of the Mt. Noge Grand Shrine at Ise.
1871 (Meiji 4)

March

Kanagawa locates nine British pumps in the purchase, each fire defense organization.
1873 (Meiji 6)

March

Fire, 1,557 houses are destroyed by fire from Aioicho.
1874 (Meiji 7) We deal with the fire guard of foreign settlement in *roku*bo, steam pump three.
1882 (Meiji 15)

July

Kanagawa establishes fire code and supervises firefighting desk work in Yokohama police department , and the chief constable holds an additional post of Manager of fire station and installs person in charge of firefighting in police station. Number of houses 26, 151 houses at the time, a population of 94,390 people.
1883 (Meiji 16)

October

Mitsubishi joint-stock company, joint transport firm, Nippon Yusen company form self-defense fire station organization and help town firefighting not company of self.
1887 (Meiji 20)

September

We install 131 ball-type fire hydrants in each site in city with completion of water supply (our country's first fire hydrant).
1888 (Meiji 21)

January

A fire breaks out in Nogecho, and 1,130 houses are destroyed by fire. The fire insurance company foundation.
1889 (Meiji 22)

April

Municipal organization (among Naka Ward Honmoku, area except Negishi. 26,000 number of houses, a population of 116,000 people) are enforced and abolish conventional firefighting, and we are transferred newly by Yokohama police department . We organize fire brigade of hose-involved car and we assume 1 squad having three firemen and locate board member one in garamisha one for each "Koban" (police box).
1890 (Meiji 23)

March

Fire, 1,600 houses are destroyed by fire from Aioicho.
1893 (Meiji 26)

June

A fire breaks out in Motomachi, and 1,664 houses are destroyed by fire.
1894 (Meiji 27)

June

A fire breaks out in Motomachi, and 1,092 houses are destroyed by fire.

July

Fire defense organization rule is established by Imperial command, and Ise Saki, Ishikawa, three sets of Yamate set up as public facilities fire defense organization, and fire gyoni-proof engages with 220 foreman of a gang or younger.
1895 (Meiji 28)

March

We set up public facilities fire defense organization in Kagacho, Yamate Honcho. 31,584 number of houses at the time, a population of 18,453 people.
1899 (Meiji 32)

August

Fire, 3,173 houses are destroyed by fire from Kumoicho.
1908 (Meiji 41)

April

We reach 1,389 fire hydrants.

November

We purchase two steam pumps, and placement, permanent construction fire brigade are organized by each police department of Ise Saki, Tobe. (ten firefighting hands, spare 17)
1912 (Meiji 45)

April

We place steam pump one placement, permanent construction fire brigade in Kanagawa police department .
1914 (Taisho 3)

April

*roku*bo locates petrol pump car made in the U.K. in import, Satsuma-cho fire defense organization. (our country's first fire engine)
1919 (Taisho 8)

April

Fire, 3,248 houses are destroyed by fire from Chitose-cho.

July

Special fire department official regulations are promulgated in the five components city by Imperial command, and fire station separates with police department and transfers under the conduct of the prefectural governor (police's manager), and facility firefighting is abolished.

September

Special firefighting official regulations were enforced, and the next fire department was installed.
  • The first fire department (current Nishi fire department)
    Kanagawa branch office
    Ise Saki garrison
  • The second fire department (current Naka fire department, *roku*bo donate to the prefecture)
    Nakamuramachi branch office
    Guardian deity of children slope garrison
    Yatozaka garrison
    View garrison
92 total staff, pump car two, garamisha 18, pump 20 for arm
In addition, we set up 12 788 member of firefighting fire defense organizations as supporting firefighting and belong to both police stations place.
1922 (Taisho 11)

July

Promote Ise Saki garrison to branch office in Kanagawa branch office at Kanagawa branch office among the first fire departments, and found branch office in Hatsunecho, Sengencho, is new establishment in promotion, the water, Maita branch in branch in Nakamuramachi branch in new establishment, each garrison in Kitakata branch office in branch office among the second fire departments. (in the first fire department, the second fire department becomes 1 station 2 branch office 1 branch office 1 station 1 branch office 3 branch office)
1923 (Taisho 12) 13 sets of fire defense organization formation (Ise Saki, Tobe, Hiranuma, Minamiota, Kanagawa, Koyasu, Kannai, Kotobuki, Kagacho, Yamate, Nakamura, Isogo, Kitakata) just before earthquake disaster is 684

September

The Great Kanto Earthquake. Collapse, destruction by fire 100,798, dead person 22,355, injured 10,208. (as for the damage of firefighting facility, 9, pump car 5 out of government building 12 are for the third year of junior high school, and water pipe car 3 is for the first year of junior high school, and motorcycle water pipe car 2 is for the first year of junior high school, and steam pump 3 is for the first year of junior high school, and 48 is destroyed by fire among garamisha 80)

November

Isogo branch office is founded by the second fire department.
Koyasu branch office is founded by the first fire department.
1925 (Taisho 14)

April

We begin observation tower duty in the second fire department.
1926 (Taisho 15)

June

Fire station organization is changed as follows by prefectural notification
  • The west Tobe fire department (the old first fire department) Ise Saki branch office, Hatsunecho branch office, Ippommatsu branch office, Sengencho branch office
  • Yamashitacho fire department (the old second fire department) guardian deity of children slope branch office, Ogicho branch office, the water branch office
  • Kanagawa fire department (former Kanagawa branch office) Koyasu branch office, Matsumoto branch office
  • Kitakata fire department (old Kitakata branch office)
1927 (Showa 2)

October

The administration of a ward is enforced, and it is born Tsurumi Ward, Kanagawa Ward, Naka Ward, Hodogaya Ward, five wards of Isogo Ward. 120,427 number of houses at the time, a population of 535,332 people.
1928 (Showa 3)

January

The customs branch office desk work start.

April

The west Tobe fire department Hodogaya branch office desk work start.
1930 (Showa 5) The Kanagawa's first fire prevention campaign conduct (it becomes 6 station 12 branch office 23 fire defense organization)
1932 (Showa 7) Protection group start
1933 (Showa 8)

February

Our country's first ambulance is located in Yamashita fire department, and emergency desk work starts

July

Shiotamachi branch office desk work start
1934 (Showa 9)

November

Tsunashima garrison desk work start
1935 (Showa 10)

March

We are promoted to branch office in Tsunashima garrison

April

Ooka branch office desk work start
1936 (Showa 11)

October

Kanazawa branch office desk work start
1937 (Showa 12)

August

Kanagawa firefighting exercise place setting
1939 (Showa 14)

April

Kohoku Ward, Totsuka Ward set (it becomes seven wards)
Fire defense organization is reorganized by protection group civil defense unit

November

Kawawa branch office desk work start

December

Tozuka branch office desk work start
1940 (Showa 15)

December

Authority of Kanagawa branch office desk work start
1941 (Showa 16)

December

Sueyoshi branch office desk work start
1942 (Showa 17) Formation of civil defense unit at the time is 8,932 20 groups (of Kagacho, Ise Saki, water, Yamate, Isogo, Kotobuki, Ooka, Tsurumi, Kanagawa, Kawawa, Tobe, Hodogaya, Tozuka Wada, Toyoda, Nakagawa, Hongo, the upper part of a river, Seya, Taisho)
Hoshikawa branch office, Takashimacho branch office, market branch office desk work start
1943 (Showa 18)

January

Urashima branch office desk work start

February

Kitakata fire department changes to Kitakata branch office
Honjin branch office desk work start

June

Sugita branch office desk work start

December

We establish Isogo fire department in Sugita branch office and change former Isogo branch office to Zen horse branch office
Hodogaya fire department desk work start, the Hoshikawa branch office abolition
Authority of north relation branch office desk work start
Minami Ward setting (it becomes eight wards)
1944 (Showa 19)

April

Katabiracho branch office desk work start
Nishi Ward setting (it becomes nine wards)

May

Momijigaoka branch office desk work start
1945 (Showa 20)

February

Yako branch office desk work start

March

The water fire department desk work start
Ido ke valley branch office desk work start

April

Sakashita-cho branch office desk work start
Irifune branch office desk work start

May

We install branch office in barley field, Motomachi, Hinodecho, Uchidacho, Minamisaiwaicho, Kinkou Bridge, Tsuruyacho, Iwaicho, Kashio, Sakaemachi
100,091 Yokohama blitzkrieg ri evil number of houses, dead person 4,616, injured 142,140
(Tsurumi, Nakamuramachi, Kanagawa fire department and authority of market, Namamugi, tide field, Kanagawa, Takashimacho, Ippommatsu, Sengencho, guardian deity of children slope branch office destruction by fire)

August

Nagatsuta branch office desk work start

September

With stationing of the Allied Forces, we dispatch the staff to Zama, Hiratsuka, Atsugi, Ikego for the firefighting guard
The special fireman system abolition
Daikokucho branch office desk work start

December

Yatsu branch office desk work start
1946 (Showa 21)

March

The water fire department abolition

April

Sakashita-cho, the tide field branch office abolition

July

Mutsuura branch office desk work start
1947 (Showa 22)

April

Civil defense unit is reorganized by fire brigade. 7,809 13 groups (Tsurumi, Kanagawa, west, Ise Saki, Kaga, Yamate, Kotobuki, Ooka, Hodogaya, Isogo, Kohoku, Kawawa, Tozuka)

September

Catherine typhoon (wind speed of 16.5 meters per second, precipitation 168 millimeters) attack

October

Rescue team setting special in the west Tobe fire department

November

We are promoted to fire fighter supplementary "Koban" (police box) at Kanazawa branch office

December

The firefighting Organization Acts promulgation
15 Nagata-cho, Minami-ku work place fires 1,637 square meters
1948 (Showa 23)

March

City of Yokohama, Fire Bureau starts as separation, the local government firefighting by the enforcement of the firefighting Organization Acts from prefectural (defending department).
 

Ayumi of Yokohama firefighting after the local government firefighting start

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