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Glossary

Last update date September 19, 2018

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[stable iodine agent]

  • When radioactive iodine released during environment is absorbed by breathing and eating and drinking in the body, it is accumulated, and radiation damage may occur in thyroid gland. We prevent outbreak of radiation damage as much as possible by taking stable iodine agent beforehand to prevent this, and filling thyroid gland with stable iodine.

[safety information]

  • Information [national protection law Article 94 Paragraph 1] about safety of evacuation inhabitants and inhabitants (we include thing which the municipalities concerned have in people except the municipalities villager concerned and thing which died in the municipalities concerned.) who he died of armed attack disaster or got injured

[safety information departmental order]

  • Departmental order (2005 general affairs departmental order No. 44) to set necessary matter of method of collection and report of safety information in armed attack situations and procedure and others of inquiry of safety information and answer

[NBC attack]

  • Nuclear weapon (Nuclear weapons), biological weapon (Biological weapons), attack using chemical munitions (Chemical weapons)

[LGWAN]

  • Comprehensive administration network (Local Government Wide Area Network)
    It is maintained as base to plan facilitation of communication between local public entities, use of altitude of information by information sharing and connects network in organization of local public entities of the whole country mutually.
    In addition, by interconnection with Kasumigaseki WAN which is network between ministry of prefecture, we perform information exchange with engine of country.

[nuclear fuel material]

  • Uranium, thorium are materials emitting high energy in the process of nuclear fission and establish in cabinet ordinance [Atomic Energy Act Article 3 No. 2]

[infectious disease-designated medical institution]

  • Specific infectious disease-designated medical institution, first-class infectious disease-designated medical institution and the second kind infectious disease-designated medical institution

[hazardous substance]

  • We set in the nation protection law enforcement order with material (including living thing) which danger for human life, body or property might occur by ignition or scattering to explosion or air or outflow to neighboring areas [national protection law Article 103 Paragraph 1, national protection law enforcement order Article 28]

[basic guideline]

  • We added to basic policy about conduct of measures for protection of the basic guideline (March 25, 2005, cabinet decision) nation about protection of the nation, standard of making such as people protection plans and matter that it was and set about measures such as evacuation, relief, coping to armed attack disaster that accepted type of assumed armed attack situation

[degree of relief and standard]

  • Standard (2004 Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare notification No. 343) of degree of legal relief about measures for protection of people in armed attack situations and method

[urgent firefighting support corps]

  • Military unit [firefighting Organization Acts Article 45] where it is constituted as duty on outbreak of large-scale disaster in the country or special disaster by the metropolis and districts or the staff about firefighting to belong to the municipalities and facility that we perform support of firefighting of affected areas based on depending on request of Commissioner, Fire and Disaster Management Agency or instructions

[urgent coping situation]

  • Situation [situation actions to be taken Article 25 Paragraph 1] that it is necessary for situation that it became admitted to urgently deal nationally when clear danger that situation that act to kill and wound a large number of people using means according to means of armed attack occurred or the act concerned occurs draws near

[urgent coping protection measures]

  • It is measures about relief such as measures about evacuation of inhabitants whom city performs, evacuation inhabitants to protect life, body of the nation and property in the urgent coping situation

[urgent traffic vehicle]

  • Emergency car of Road Traffic Act Article 39 Paragraph 1
  • Evacuation of inhabitants, vehicle that it is operating to urgently carry out measures for protection of transport or other people of supplies

[emergency call]

  • When we admit that we need emergency armed attack disaster occurs or to prevent danger for life, body of inhabitants by the armed attack disaster concerned or property when it is going to right occur, the governor announces [national protection law Article 99]

[urgent supplies]

  • Supplies necessary for relief such as evacuation inhabitants and supplies which are necessary in conduct of measures for protection of material or other people and material [national protection law Article 79]

[task force of country]

  • The Prime Minister hangs for cabinet meeting to promote conduct of coping measures to affect the coping basic policy concerned when task force (when urgent coping situation coping policy is set "urgently coping situation task force") coping basic policy was fixed for armed attack situations and installs in cabinet temporarily

[the general manager of measures at country]

  • General Manager measures (the Prime Minister) such as armed attack situations (when coping situation task force is urgently set up "the general manager of urgent coping situation measures")

[prefectural people protection plan]

  • National protection plan that Kanagawa makes

[prefectural task force]

  • When we received designation about setting of the national protective measure headquarters (urgent coping situation task force) from Prime Minister Kanagawa people protective measure headquarters or Kanagawa emergency coping situation task force, Governor of Kanagawa installs

[prefectural measures general manager]

  • The general manager of Kanagawa people protective measure or the general manager of Kanagawa emergency coping situation measures (Governor of Kanagawa)

[national protection measures]

  • It is measures about relief such as measures about evacuation of inhabitants whom city performs, evacuation inhabitants to protect life, body of the nation and property in the armed attack situations

[national protection law]

  • We set necessary matter about duties such as country or local public entity, measures about evacuation of inhabitants, measures about relief such as evacuation inhabitants, measures about coping to armed attack disaster and other people protection measures to protect life, body, property of the nation from armed attack in the law (2004 law No. 112) armed attack situations about measures for protection of people in armed attack situations

[national protection law enforcement order]

  • Law enforcement order (2004 cabinet ordinance No. 275) about measures for protection of people in armed attack situations

[surveillance]

  • Watch the outbreak situation of illness continuously for the purpose of recognizing outbreak such as infectious diseases early, and establishing effective measures. Specifically, we perform intelligence, analysis such as the outbreak situation of patient, the separation situation of pathogen, the possession situation of immunity continuously.

[disaster medical care base Hospital]

  • Hospital which serious case accepts the serious disabled at hospital having function to support local medical institution as backward medical institutions such as relief place or hospital, and carries central role in the medical care relief activities at the time of disaster

[city]

  • The Mayor of Yokohama and other executive organs

[city people protection plan]

  • National protection plan that Yokohama-shi makes

[city task force]

  • When we received designation about setting of the national protective measure headquarters (urgent coping situation task force) from Prime Minister Yokohama-shi people protective measure headquarters or Yokohama-shi emergency coping situation task force, The Mayor of Yokohama installs

[the general manager of city measures]

  • The general manager of Yokohama-shi people protective measure or the general manager of Yokohama-shi emergency coping situation measures (The Mayor of Yokohama)

[situation authorization]

  • In coping basic policy that the government establishes or urgent coping situation coping policy, authorize cases such as armed attack or terrorism as armed attack situation, armed attack prediction situation or urgent coping situation

[designated administration]

  • We set in law enforcement order (situation actions to be taken enforcement order) about security of peace and independence of our country in armed attack situations and security of country and the nation
    Cabinet Office, National Public Safety Commission, National Police Agency, Financial Services Agency, Consumer Affairs Agency, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Fire and Disaster Management Agency, Ministry of Justice, Public Security Investigation Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, National Tax Agency, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Agency for Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Forestry Agency, Fisheries Agency, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Agency for Natural Resource and Energy, Small and Medium Enterprise Agency, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Geographical Survey Institute, Japan Tourism Agency, Meteorological Agency, Coast Guard, Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Defense [situation actions to be taken Article 2 No. 4, situation actions to be taken enforcement order Article 1]

[appointed place administration]

  • In local administration organization of local branched bureau or other countries of designated administration, we set in situation actions to be taken enforcement order [situation actions to be taken Article 2 No. 5, situation actions to be taken enforcement order Article 2]

[designated public institution]

  • In corporation running incorporated administrative agency, the Bank of Japan, the Japanese Red Cross Society, Japanese Broadcasting Corporation or other public engines and light, gas, transportation, business of the communication or other public interest, we set in situation actions to be taken enforcement order [situation actions to be taken Article 2 No. 6, situation actions to be taken enforcement order Article 3]

[appointed place public institution]

  • The governor of the metropolis and districts concerned appoints to listen to opinion of the corporation beforehand concerned in electricity, gas, transportation, communication, corporation running business of medical other public interest, corporation managing public facility of district road public corporation and others and district incorporated administrative agency in the area of the metropolis and districts [national protection law Article 2 Paragraph 2]

[labor camp]

  • Facilities such as refuge, temporary housing which the mayor provides because evacuation inhabitants who were not able to make behavior by evacuation in the original house make behavior temporarily

[Geneva treaties]

  • Generic name of 4 treaties for the purpose of reducing damage by military power dispute as much as possible by protecting the personnel required for hygiene relieving the injured, the sick, person of wreckage and captive, these people and religion worker and civilian when military dispute occurs.

[facilities such as life connection]

  • Facility admitted that we might affect which is remarkable for people's life if we do not ensure the security in clean water facility, facility related to people's life including storage facility of dangerous materials or the facility where it is admitted that we might cause remarkable damage in the outskirts area if we do not ensure the security

[dirty bomb]

  • Development expanded international humanitarian law applied to conventional military power dispute commencing with Geneva treaties based on form of having a fight having made bomb first addition Protocol military power that intended to cause radioactive contamination diversification complicatedly at points such as regulation of protection of civilian, means of battle and method by spraying radioactive material. The first additional protocol is applied to international military dispute.

[the first additional protocol]

  • Based on form of military dispute having made diversification complicatedly, development expanded international humanitarian law applied to conventional military power dispute commencing with Geneva treaties at points such as regulation of protection of civilian, means of battle and method. The first additional protocol is applied to international military dispute.

[coping basic policy]

  • Basic policy that the government sets about coping when it led to armed attack situations

[evacuation shelter]

  • Elementary school which the mayor appoints as evacuation sites when earthquake disaster was generated beforehand and junior high school [Yokohama-shi earthquake disaster measures regulations Article 16]

[specific supplies]

  • It is supplies (thing establishing in pharmaceutical products, food, bedclothing or other cabinet ordinances) necessary for conduct of relief, and the work and person doing handle production, collection of cargo, sale, distribution, storage or transportation [national protection law Article 81 Paragraph 1]

[triage]

  • Decide priority of treatment and the rear conveyance by emergency degree and disease severity of the disabled to provide the best treatment for much disabled in existing limited health resource (medical staff, pharmaceutical products) in at the time of disaster alone

[place of refuge area]

  • Area (including area becoming course of evacuation of inhabitants) that becomes place of refuge of inhabitants whom the general manager of measures at country shows [national protection law Article 52 Paragraph 2 No. 2]

[refuge facilities]

  • Facility [national protection law Article 148 Paragraph 1] which the mayor appointed beforehand we evacuated inhabitants or to rescue evacuation inhabitants

[evacuation inhabitants]

  • Survivors [national protection law Article 75 Paragraph 1] by evacuation inhabitants and armed attack disaster

[armed attack]

  • Armed attack from the outside for our country [the situation actions to be taken Article 2 first]

[armed attack disaster]

  • Human death to produce by armed attack directly or indirectly or injury, fire, explosion, release or other human or material disasters [national protection law Article 2 Paragraph 4] of radioactive material

[armed attack situation]

  • Situation [situation actions to be taken Article 2 No. 2] that it became admitted that clear danger that situation that armed attack produced or armed attack produced drew near

[armed attack prediction situation]

  • Situation [situation actions to be taken Article 2 No. 3] that it did not lead to armed attack situation, but situation grew tense, and armed attack has been predicted

[armed attack situations]

  • Armed attack situation and armed attack prediction situation [situation actions to be taken Article 1 Paragraph 1]

[evacuation area required]

  • Area [national protection law Article 52 Paragraph 2 1 issue] that needs evacuation of inhabitants whom the general manager of measures at country shows

[coping plans such as Yokohama-shi emergency]

  • Plan [coping plans such as Yokohama-shi crisis management guideline, Yokohama-shi emergency] that Yokohama-shi established to deal with crisis except terrorism, infectious disease, disaster or armed attack situation including environmental pollution and urgent coping situation based on Yokohama-shi crisis management guideline (March 17, 2004 nichisokindai 182)

[Yokohama-shi disaster preparedness plan]

  • It was regional plan for disaster prevention which "Yokohama-shi disaster prevention meeting" devised as basic and general plan to deal with disaster in Yokohama-shi, and "earthquake disaster measures edition" divided into "storm and flood damage measures edition" and "city anti-disaster measures edition" depending on type of disaster and, based on Disaster Laws, constituted in three parts [Yokohama-shi crisis management guideline]

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General Affairs Bureau crisis Management Department disaster prevention Planning Division

Telephone: 045-671-4096

Telephone: 045-671-4096

Fax: 045-641-1677

E-Mail address [email protected]

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