- Top menu|Search
Yokohama-shi board of elections mascot character "ikotto"
Term of public office
Past election data
Common question about election
Vote participation situation investigation
Recent system revision
Ayumi of election
  
Home Let's go to election U-18 When we cannot go to polling place on election day Business introduction Library of election
Kids page Bright election The board of elections secretariat List of each ward inquiry Site map Collection of links
Home > Library of election > Common question about ・ election

Common question about election

The right to vote

Is there the right to vote in anyone if we become 18 years old?
 The right to vote is one of the rights of the nation who is sung in the Constitution of Japan,; if is Japanese citizen 18 years or older, can obtain. But the name must appear in electoral list of municipality to vote in election.
 We have effect except cases such as the death, the nationality loss forever once when enrolled in electoral list.
If there is the right to vote, can anyone vote?
 It does not mean that anyone can vote if there is the right to vote.
Requirements to be enrolled in electoral list?
 It is enrolled in electoral list in ward living in four times a year (3, 6.9 and December 2). In addition, it is registered temporarily when there is election.

Vote

Is it different in vote method by election?
 Form of ballot varies according to kinds of election.
Poll hour on election day?
 Poll hour is from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
Do you want to know my polling place?
 Please see list of polling places of ward to live at the time of election.
When we lost "guide of vote?"
 When we lose "guide of vote" and forget to bring, we confirm whether we ask about your address, full name, date of birth and are registered with electoral list. Identification cards do not enter.
When you moved, where do you vote?
 When three months do not pass after giving notice of the change of address, it is not enrolled in electoral list. We cannot vote in Yokohama-shi when not enrolled in electoral list of ward of Yokohama-shi.
When you are inconvenient on election day, can you vote beforehand?
 There is early vote, absentee vote even if we go for trip even if there is work on election day.
Place, period, time for early vote?
 Early vote place in Yokohama-shi
Though we want to go for early vote, what should we take?
As I send "information for vote", take.
Though kind is inconvenient and cannot write character, can you vote?
 Person who cannot do person, the reading and writing that body is inconvenient enough can do substitute vote.
Is there method that can vote at home?
 Person having severe disability in body and person of need of nursing care 5 in Nursing Care Insurance Law have system of "absentee vote by mail".
Though you are admitted to hospital, can you vote?
 In hospitalization, hospital or nursing home entering, absentee vote is possible.
Though I am in other municipalities on business trips, what should I do to vote?
 In board of elections of municipality staying in in work and trip, absentee vote is possible.
Acquisition method of absentee vote bill (written oath)?
 There is required documents in municipality board of elections of stay places. Downloading is possible from this, too.
Can you vote even if in foreign country?
 Even if is in foreign country; of national election of Japan can vote.

The candidacy

What kind of kind does election include?
 Election includes various kinds. Importance, fun of election understand that we know each difference including electoral district, the member of the Diet fixed number.
How old can you run from?
 Eligibility for election means right that can run for election. The requirements vary according to kinds of election.
How much necessary is money on deposit to run?
 Money on deposit varies according to kinds of election.
 By report of the candidacy, you leave cash of constant sum or government paper at Legal Affairs Bureau every candidate in all election except congressist election of municipalities and must submit the certificate. "Deposit" means this. Deposit is system to prevent that person without intention to compete for election runs for reasons of the self-advertisement irresponsibly. Therefore when case and candidate that the number of votes candidate or political party obtained did not reach prescribed number decline the candidacy, deposited money and government paper forfeit the total amount (in the House of Representatives, proportional representation election of the House of Councilors the total amount or constant sum) and are put in country and the metropolis and districts, municipality.

■Rule of kind and the amount of deposit of election and the confiscation
Kind of election The amount of deposit The amount of number of votes that deposition forfeits or confiscation
House of Representatives single-seat constituencies 3 million yen Less than effective vote X1/10
House of Representatives proportional representation ※For one candidate
6 million yen
Amount of amount of confiscation = deposit - (among 3 million yen X overlap candidates number of the elected candidates X 2 of number of the elected candidates +600 ten thousand Japanese yen X proportional representation of single-seat constituencies)
House of Councilors proportional representation For one candidate
6 million yen
Number of the elected candidates X 2 of amount of amount of confiscation = deposit -6,000,000 yen X proportional representation
House of Councilors electoral district 3 million yen Less than member of the Diet fixed number X 1/8 of effective vote ÷ electoral district
Prefectural governors 3 million yen Less than effective vote X 1/10
Metropolis and districts assembly 600,000 yen Member of the Diet fixed number X 1/10 matsuman of effective vote ÷ electoral district
The head of designated city 2,400,000 yen Less than effective vote X 1/10
Designated city assembly 500,000 yen Less than member of the Diet fixed number X 1/10 of effective vote ÷ electoral district
Other demarch 1 million yen Less than effective vote X 1/10
Assembly of other cities and districts 300,000 yen Less than member of the Diet fixed number X 1/10 of effective vote ÷ electoral district
Heads of towns and villages 500,000 yen Less than effective vote X 1/10
※When candidate is overlap candidate, the amount of deposit of proportional representation is 3 million yen.
※Notation of the ward here hints at special ward.

Election person

How does successful person of proportional representation election decide?
Decision of successful person of House of Representatives proportional representation election
(1)The number of successful people is fixed at electoral district (block) thing in proportion to the number of votes each political party obtained.
(2)As "order that should become election person" of each candidate is listed in ballot which political parties reported, election person is fixed at the order.
(3)Order between candidates that the order mentioned above is set of "same order rank" depends on high order of "loss margin in single-seat district ".
※Ratio of vote of the candidate for vote of the best vote-getter in single-seat constituencies election.

Decision of successful person of House of Councilors proportional representation election
(1)The total number of votes each political party obtainedThe number of election people such as every political parties is fixed in proportion to this.
(2)From candidates such as the political parties, sequentially successful person with many votes of candidate is selected. When the number of votes has to decide order between the same people, the election head performs lottery in election meeting.
※The total number of votes is the total of the number of votes proportional representation candidates obtained such as a certain political party and the number of votes political parties obtained.

■Distribution of successful person to each political party is decided by the next method in the House of Representatives, proportional representation election of the House of Councilors.
In the case of six fixed number
The names such as list report political parties A party B party C party
The number of the people of list registration Four people Three people Two people
The number of votes 1,000 votes 700 votes 300 votes
Divisor 1 (1) 1,000 (2) 700 (6) 300
2 (3) 500 (4) 350 150
3 (5) 333 and 1/3 233 and 1/3  
4 250    
The election number of people Three people Two people One
A party, B party, C party submit slate, and it is said that four people, three people, two candidates were registered each.
(1)At first it is 1, 2, 3 with the number of votes each political party obtained…We divide this by integer to the number of the people of list registration.
(2)Provided quotient [answer that we broke] comes out like table. We choose the number of members of the Diet whom you count sequentially and should elect (in this case 6) among the big number. It is to number of election person that is distributed into the political party whether there is this chosen quotient how many.

Election campaign and political activity

How long is election campaign possible?
 It is until election eve since report of candidacy was accepted. During this period, it is decided to perform repeated calling act and street speech with campaign vehicles from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Election campaign before report is accepted is said to be preelection campaigning and is prohibited. In addition, please be careful about election campaign on election day being prohibited.

○Can do it even before candidacy report
■Preparations for candidacy
(including sefumikoi of act, the candidacy for official recognition of political party)
■Preparations for election campaign
(including making such as borrowing informal negotiation, notice board and signboard, posters such as election office)

Cannot do it before X candidacy report

■Request of vote. In addition, act that is recognized as request of vote.

○Election campaign to be possible on election day

■Putting campaign posters as the day before.
Difference between election campaign and political activity?
 Political activity means all activities to be carried out with purpose in politics.
 Therefore, election campaign is a part of the political activity in wide meaning, too, but we distinguish election campaign and political activity in the Public Officers Election Act definitely theoretically and can interpret as follows when we define them.
[election campaign]
 Recommend vote act for the purpose of consulting with specific election about election of authorized candidate or not letting you elect.
[political activity]
 From all activities to be carried out with purpose in politics, it is thing except act for election campaign.
Candidate being able to do it as election campaign?
 Main things of election campaign that approved candidate performs by the Public Officers Election Act are as follows.
 But, by kind of election, there is thing varying in the method or amount or standard.
○Setting of election office
○Use of car for election campaign
○Postcard for election campaign
○Newspaper ad
○Distribution (limited to member of the House of Representatives, member of the House of Councilors election and election of the head of local public entity.) of handbill
○Election bulletin
○Notice of poster
○Street speech
○Personal speech meeting
○Election campaign using the Internet
Election campaign that you must not do?
 The following election campaign is prohibited.
○The purchase
 It is the most vicious among election crimes, and severe penal regulations are established by law. When people in charge of election campaign are punished, let alone candidate, election may become invalid.
○Door-to-door visit
 Even if it is anyone, for the purpose of having authorized candidate vote, you must not visit house and company, store from door to door. In addition, we say about holding of specific candidate name and political party name or speech meeting and cannot walk.
○Paid advertisement for the purpose of greetings
 Candidate and constituency (group to recommend authorized candidate, and to support) place advertisement for the purpose of greetings such as the congratulations or condolence or encouragement in newspaper, magazine for person in electoral district for a fee in season and must not broadcast on TV and radio.
○Offer of food and drink
 Even if it is anyone, you must not offer food and drink about election campaign. But teacake and fruit of tea and degree that is usually used are removed. In addition, we can provide lunch of constant number to hand to campaign staffer.
○Campaign to collect signatures
 You must not collect signatures for elector for the purpose of preventing to vote for authorized candidate even if it is anyone or from voting.
○Act to set up spirit
 Even if it is anyone, you link car to attract the public eye for election campaign and cross file and must not come and go.
What is guilt-by-association system?
 When person having a constant relation with person planning candidate, candidacy is sentenced to punishment in the face of crimes such as the purchase (including stay of execution), we invalidate election of the election even if person planning candidate, candidacy is not concerned with acts such as the purchase, and guilt-by-association system is system to inflict sanctions to limit the candidacy.
We vote on the telephone, and may we ask?
 We can perform vote request with telephone freely during election period. (on the day we cannot do it on election day.)

Contribution

What is prohibited contribution?
 When politician and candidate contribute for person in electoral district, we are punished. Qualified voter cannot demand contribution.

Return to the previous page To TOP page Go to the next page


Yokohama-shi board of elections
Home Let's go to election! | U-18 When we cannot go to polling place on election day Business introduction Library of election
Kids page Bright election The board of elections secretariat List of each ward inquiry Site map Collection of links
Yokohama-shi top menu

Yokohama-shi board of elections - December 9, 2009 making - June 22, 2016 update
Opinion, inquiry: sk-web@city.yokohama.jp  Telephone: 045-671-3335 - 7  FAX: 045-681-6479
©2000-2016 City of Yokohama. All rights reserved.